Sarajevo (Bosnia)

Sarajevo (Bosnia)

Sarajevo (Bosnian and Croatian: Sarajevo, Serbian: Сарајево) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a population of 619,030, according to the 2007 censuses [4]. Sarajevo is also the legal capital of the Republika Srpska, which is the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the actual capital city of Banyaluka. It is also the center of Sarajevo Canton. Sarajevo was built around the Miljacka River in the Sarajevo Valley, surrounded by the Dinar Alps of the Bosnian region. The city is known for its religious diversity. Islam, Catholicism, Orthodoxy and Jewishness have coexisted peacefully for centuries here. That is why Sarajevo is regarded as Jerusalem of Europe. Sarajevo is considered one of the most important cultural cities in the Balkans. [5]

Despite the fact that the first settlement remnants in this region extend back to prehistoric times, the emergence of the modern city begins with the dominance of the Ottomans in this region in the 15th century. With the Ottomans seizing the region in 1463, great public works began in the city and as a result Sarajevo became the largest city that Turks established in Europe and this is still the case today. Sarajevo has had many internationally important events throughout its history: assassination by Gavrilo Princip of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was shown as the reason for the beginning of World War I in 1914, took place in this city. 70 years later, the 1984 Winter Olympic Games were held in this city. During the Bosnian War, the city was in the longest siege on the world modern warfare date. Today, as the largest cultural and economic center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the city is trying to rebuild itself and restore itself after the war. [7]

Middle Ages
After the Avarlar state was demolished by the Franks in 805, it became known as the Franciscans, and the area was christened by the Eastern Roman missionaries. First of all, the Serbian Rashqrrr… In the 870s, the area that the Serbs had reclaimed passed into the hands of the 1st Bulgarian Empire towards the end of the 9th century. In 927, the Serbian king Časlav Klonimirovič, who proclaimed his independence from the Bulgarians, passed away. When Çaslav died in battle against the Hungarians in 950, the vassals of Bosnia declared their independence from Serbia and recognized the reign of East Rome. However, in the region of 998 the 1st Bulgarian Empire was passed by the 1st Samuel. However, the Eastern Roman Emperor II. Basileus recovered the area in 1018. South of the region, the Croatian King IV, who ruled Eastern Rome in 1060, It’s Petar’s hand. However, the region was conquered by the Duklja Kingdom established by the Serbs between 1082-1085. From 1103 onwards, the Bosnian banned from the Serbs and passed on to the Bans who recognized the sovereignty of the Hungarian kingdom. Also King of Hungary II. Bela was the Duke of Bosnia in 1137. The region was again part of the Eastern Roman Empire between 1163-1183. Later, it was again governed by the Bands of the Kingdom of Hungary. From the 1230s most of the people of the region passed on to Bogomillik, a dualistic Christian sect influenced by Manicilik. Bosnia was ruled by Hungary until 1377. Bosnian President Tvrtko Kotromanovic (later Tvrtko) declared himself king of Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia. The boundaries of the kingdom extend from the western side of present-day Montenegro to the western end of today’s Croatian city of Grace, and include some of the Dalmatian islands.

In 1463 the Ottoman Sultan II. Mehmed conquered the entire Bosnia. However, the King of Hungary, Matyas I., took back the territory of Sarajevo. However, in 1492 the Ottomans took over the region again.

Ottoman period
At the beginning of the 14th century Sarajevo was in the spot of today’s Bosnian nobles. The Ottomans who took it in 1492 set up the first core of the city. Sarajevo became a commercial and administrative center in a short period of time due to the fact that major transportation routes are junctions.

The region was connected to the Rumeli State as the Bosnian Terrace where the Ottomans were primarily the center of Sarajevo, and in 1585, with the Herzegovina conquered in 1483, the Bosnian Terrace was connected. Between the years 1583-1686 Banyaluka was always the center of Sarajevo, except for the period between 1686-1851 when Travnik was the center. The city, which suffered from the brief occupation of Venice in 1697, was immediately restored.
After the Avarlar state was demolished by the Franks in 805, it became known as the Franciscans, and the area was christened by the Eastern Roman missionaries. First of all, the Serbian Rashqrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr … In the 870s, the area that the Serbs had reclaimed passed into the hands of the 1st Bulgarian Empire towards the end of the 9th century. In 927, the Serbian king Časlav Klonimirovič, who proclaimed his independence from the Bulgarians, passed away. When Çaslav died in battle against the Hungarians in 950, the vassals of Bosnia declared their independence from Serbia and recognized the reign of East Rome. However, in the region of 998 the 1st Bulgarian Empire was passed by the 1st Samuel. However, the Eastern Roman Emperor II. Basileus recovered the area in 1018. South of the region, the Croatian King IV, who ruled Eastern Rome in 1060, It’s Petar’s hand. However, the region was conquered by the Duklja Kingdom established by the Serbs between 1082-1085. From 1103 onwards, the Bosnian banned from the Serbs and passed on to the Bans who recognized the sovereignty of the Hungarian kingdom. Also King of Hungary II. Bela was the Duke of Bosnia in 1137. The region was again part of the Eastern Roman Empire between 1163-1183. Later on, it was again governed by the Bands of the Kingdom of Hungary. From the 1230s most of the people of the region passed on to Bogomillik, a dualistic Christian sect influenced by Manicilik. Bosnia was ruled by Hungary until 1377. Bosnian President Tvrtko Kotromanovic (later Tvrtko) declared himself king of Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia. The boundaries of the kingdom extend from the western side of present-day Montenegro to the western end of today’s Croatian city of Grace, and include some of the Dalmatian islands.

In 1463 the Ottoman Sultan II. Mehmed conquered the entire Bosnia. However, the King of Hungary, Matyas I., took back the territory of Sarajevo. However, in 1492 the Ottomans took over the region again.

Ottoman period
At the beginning of the 14th century Sarajevo was in the spot of today’s Bosnian nobles. The Ottomans who took it in 1492 set up the first core of the city. Sarajevo became a commercial and administrative center in a short period of time due to the fact that major transportation routes are junctions.

The region is the center of Sarajevo in the Ottoman Empire Bosnia Sa