Santa Maria del Fiore (İtaly)
Nicknamed ‘Il Duomo’, this cathedral is probably the most famous sight of Florence. The construction started in 1296 by Arnolfo di Cambio in Gothic style and it was finished in 1436 by Filippo Brunelleschi, a Florentine architect and sculptor, one of the leading Italian Renaissance architects.
It boasts a huge dome and a radiant Gothic Revival facade, which mixes pink, white and green marble. The clock above the entrance dates back to 1433 and it still works. Once you’re inside, note the mosaic pavements and marvelous frescoes.
The complex consists of the cathedral, a Romanesque baptistery, and Giotto’s Campanile – richly decorated tower in Gothic style designed by Giotto. The admission to the cathedral is free, however, you must reserve the tickets for climbing Brunelleschi’s Dome beforehand. Dress appropriately, it is not allowed to enter the cathedral with bare shoulders and legs, sandals, hats and sunglasses.