Notre-Dame de la Garde (France)
Notre-Dame de la Garde, a Catholic basilica in Marseille, France, is the city’s best-known symbol. The site of a popular Assumption Day pilgrimage, it is the most visited site in Marseille.
Consecrated on 5 June 1864, the Neo-Byzantine church was built by the architect Henri-Jacques Espérandieu on the foundations of an ancient fort at the highest natural point in Marseille, a 149 m limestone outcropping on the south side of the Old Port of Marseille.
The basilica replaced a church of the same name that was built in 1214 and restored in the 15th century. It consists of a lower church or crypt in the Romanesque style, carved from the rock, and an upper church of Neo-Byzantine style decorated with mosaics.