Liqeni i Ohrit (Albanian)
Lake Ohrid (Macedonian: Охридско Езеро, Albanian: Liqeni i Ohrit) A lake in the mountainous, border region between the southern part of Macedonia and the eastern territory of Albania
It is the oldest and deepest building in the Balkans in terms of formation. There are more than 200 species in the ecosystem of the lake that have only the locality-specific worldwide prescription. The lake has been further enhanced by the inclusion of the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979, but it poses a risk that the lake will be affected by the negative effects of human beings on the lake and the increasing amount of water in the lake.
There are three cities built by the side of the lake. Of these, Ohrid and Struga are in Macedonia, Pogradec is in Albania. Although there are many small fishing villages outside these cities, the profits from tourism in all the centers today have left the fishery income behind. The population around the lake is around 131,000 people, 43,000 in Albania and 88,000 in Macedonia.
The lake takes approximately 2,600 km² of water and approximately half of its waters from the eastern coastal underground resources. 25% of the waters are supplied with rainfall and rivers. It comes from Lake Prespa, which is more than 20% of the water and 10 km from the lake and 150 m higher than its level.
Natural and Cultural Heritage in Ohrid
UNESCO World Heritage
Country Macedonia Republic of Macedonia
Criteria i, iii, iv, vii
Region ** Europe and North America
Coordinates 41 ° 07’01, K ° 20’48
Registration 1979 (Session 3)
* World Heritage official list.
** UNESCO official classification.
Ohri is one of the major tourism centers in the Balkans. Especially for the citizens of the country who are not out of the sea, except the Aegean Sea region, the region is the resort center.
There are 10 mosques dating from the Ottoman period in the city of Ohri in the same name as the lake, and 1 in the tekke. The number of churches is approximately 40. The lake is famous for its scenic houses and historical architectural monuments. There are houses with an architectural structure similar to Safranbolu houses from the Ottoman Empire. The city and Lake Ohrid have been included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage.
Ohri is also considered to be the place where the Cyrillic alphabet is born, which is very important for the Slavs