Gent (French: Gand) is the largest and most populous settlement in East Flanders in the Flemish Region, including the Dutch-speaking community in Belgium. The city was founded in the river merging of the Schelde River and the Lys rivers. It was one of the largest and richest cities in northern Europe in the Middle Ages. Today, it is an important city with a port and a university.
It also includes towns like Afşnee, Desteldonk, Drongen, Gentbrugge, Ledeberg, Mariakerke, Dampoort, Mendonk, Oostakker, Sint-Amandsberg, Sint-Denijs-Westrem, Sint-Kruis-Winkel, Wondelgem and Zwijnaarde. (As of 2012) has a population of 248,242 people and thus becomes Belgium’s second largest city by population. With its other suburbs, the Gent metropolitan area covers an area of 1,205 km² and (as of January 1, 2012) the total population is 248,242, becoming Belgium’s fourth largest metropolitan area.
The “Gent Festival” (Dutch “Gentse Feesten”), which takes place every 10-15 days a year, is organized in Gent, and approximately 3.22 million visitors participate in this festival each year.