Denkmal für die Ermordeten Juden Europas (Germany)
Coordinates: 52.513923 ° K 13.378344 ° D
The murdered European Jewish Memorial, Berlin, Germany (May 2007)
The murdered European Jewish Memorial (German: Denkmal für die Ermordeten Juden Europas) or the Holocaust Memorial (German: Holocaust-Mahnmal) is a monument dedicated to Jews who have lost their lives in the Holocaust in Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
Designed by Peter Eisenman, an American architect and Buro Happold, an engineering firm based in the UK, the monument is made up of 2,711 concrete blocks spread over an area of 19,000 square meters. These are called steles because they are monolithic masses rising perpendicular to the reinforced concrete blocks. 
These stele masses, each measuring 2.38 meters in length, 0.95 meters in width and ranging in size from 0.2 to 4.8 meters, feature a page of Talmud, consisting of religious texts covering Jewish civil law, ceremonial rules and legends. According to Peter Eisenman, the creator of the monumental grave, the purpose of this design is to create a very uncomfortable and confusing environment; so that these designs symbolize the break with the humanity of a so-called regular system.
The construction of the Katleden European Jewry Memorial, which began on April 1, 2003, was completed on December 15, The opening ceremony was held on May 10, 2005, the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II. At the time of completion, the monument’s construction cost about 25 million euros.