Azərbaycan Dövlət Akademik Opera və Balet Teatrı (Azarbaycan)
The capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the main opera house in Baku. Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, Azərbaycan’s national opera and ballet theater.
The Art Nouveau-style building, which was hosted by the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater with the initiative of the Azerbaijani businessman and philanthropist Haji Zaynelabidin Tagiyev who played an important role in the birth and development of the Russian Empire and the first oil industry of the world in Azerbaijan 1910-1911 between the architect and engineer Nikolay Bayev. On October 18, 1918, the government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan bought this building, decided to create a national opera and ballet theater under the state structure, and took steps to establish the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater. Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater was formally established in 1920 and the same year it opened its doors to the public and began to show opera and ballet works. In 1928, the opera and ballet theater was named after the Azeri writer Mirza Fetali Ahundov, one of the elite representatives of modern Azerbaijani literature. In 1959, the opera and ballet theater was named “Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater”.
The Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater has gained fame both in Azerbaijan and in the Soviet Union thanks to the opera works played by famous Azerbaijani composer Üzeyir Hacibeyov, who is considered to be the founder of Azerbaijan classical music and opera. In the following years Zülfügar Hacibeyli, Muslim Magomayev, Efrasiyab Bedelbeyli, Fikret Amirov, Kara Karayev, Cevdet Haciyev, Cihan Cihangirov, Sultan Hacibeyov, Arif Melikov, Eşref Abbasov and other Azeri composers also contributed to the art of Azerbaijan opera and ballet. The works of the mentioned composers, especially Üzeyir Hacibeyov, now take place in the repertoire of Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater. In addition, the Azerbaijan State Academy of Opera and Ballet Theater also made premieres of the works of some Azerbaijani composers.
In various periods, the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, Fyodor Shalapin, Leonid Sobinov, Valeri Barsov, Irina Arkhipova, Yelena Obraztsova, Mariya Bieşu, Maya Plisetskaya, Vyacheslav Gordeyev, Placido Domingo, Zurab Sotkilava, Vladislav Pyavko, Montserrat Caballe, Anastasiya Volochkova , Svetlana Zaharova and many other famous opera and ballet performers, and today also the world famous new generation opera and ballet performers are performing.