Alexanderplatz (English: Alexanderplatz) is a square and transport center in the center of Berlin. The square is located in the district of Mitte and near the Spree river and Berlin Cathedral. It is often called Alex among the local people.
Alexanderplatz, originally thought of as an animal market, was named Alexanderplatz on 25 October 1805 in honor of the visit of the Russian emperor Alexander I. Alexander to Berlin. At the end of the 19th century, the fair was built with the same name as the square, which was built near the square, and the markets in the vicinity also revived the trade. The real brilliant times of Alexanderplatz were with the start of night life in Potsdamer Platz in the 1920s.
The architecture of the square was frequently changed in the past, with the latest change being in the Democratic Republic of Germany in the 1960s. Right next to the square was Fernsehturm, the second highest building in Europe at that time. Also near the Alexanderplatz are the Park Inn Berlin building and the Weltzeituhr. Weltzeituhr (World clock) shows the clocks in various cities of the world. On November 4, 1989, the largest regime protest in East Germany was held in this square.
The end of the German reunification Alexanderplatz has had many changes in terms of architecture and transport. Many buildings have been restored or destroyed. The government building of East Germany Palast der Republik is also among the complex destroyed buildings in 2006. The challenge that has undergone many changes still carries the symbols of the period of socialism.